According to piaget, development is carried out from the individual. to socialized, and the child is impervious to experience. Thinking is seen as a biological process, intelligence – as a further development of some fundamental biologist. har-K. as such characteristics and sod. functions of intelligence are highlighted organization and adaptation. Piaget describes adaptation as something that provides a balance between the influence of the organism on the environment (assimilation) and reverse the influence of environment (accommodation). One of the peculiarities of functioning of the person of intellect is that not all of the content received from the external world, can be digested (assimilated), and only that which at least approximately corresponds to the internal cognitive structure of the individual. In addition to teaching about the functions of intelligence, piaget develops the doctrine of stages of intellectual development: In the development of operational intelligence in children piaget distinguishes between the different stages:
1) article of sensorimotor intelligence. (0 to 2 years) har-Xia developing the ability REB. to perceive and to know the subjects are quite stable in their properties and attributes.
2) senior operational thinking Continue reading
The type of family upbringing – molecular, integrative characteristic of family relations, the relations of parents to parent debt, different kinds of value orientations, attitudes, emotional relationship to the child, level of parental competence.
The character of family education is largely the result of parental position. Typically, there are three criteria for evaluating the parent positions – adequacy, dynamic and predictability. The adequacy characterizes the orientation of the parents in the individual psychological characteristics of the child, his age lines, as well as a measure of awareness of these features. Dynamism is a measure of the mobility of the parent positions, variability of forms and methods of communication and interaction with the child (the perception of the child as an individual, the degree of flexibility of communication with the child in different situations, variability of forms and methods of influence on the child depending on age). Predictability – the ability of parents to predict the prospects of child development and restructuring of interaction with the child.
As the basis of classification of family education by type, and types are usually distinguished: the following specific parameters:
1) the degree of emotional acceptance of the child’s parents, the interest Continue reading
Scarlet fever is called acute infection, peculiar only to human disease. Typical manifestations of scarlet fever are intoxication, inflammation of the oropharyngeal area and punctate skin rash (exanthema).
The causes of scarlet fever in adults and children
As the infectious agent, acts streptococcal bacterium belonging to the group A (S. Pyogenes). This Streptococcus is the cause of other serious infections: sore throats and tonsillitis chronic type. rheumatic phenomena, erysipelas, skin diseases (streptococcal), renal disease (glomerular nephritis), etc. there is scarlet fever in children and adults – despite the common misconception that it is a disease “children”.
Carrier and distributor of infection is a man: suffering from any clinical form of streptococcal infections that affect the respiratory tract (respiratory), or latent carrier of the bacteria S. Pyogenes.
Scarlet fever is transmitted by airborne droplets (aerosol mechanism); as a rule, necessary for infection prolonged and close contact with a carrier of infection. Continue reading