According to piaget, development is carried out from the individual. to socialized, and the child is impervious to experience. Thinking is seen as a biological process, intelligence – as a further development of some fundamental biologist. har-K. as such characteristics and sod. functions of intelligence are highlighted organization and adaptation. Piaget describes adaptation as something that provides a balance between the influence of the organism on the environment (assimilation) and reverse the influence of environment (accommodation). One of the peculiarities of functioning of the person of intellect is that not all of the content received from the external world, can be digested (assimilated), and only that which at least approximately corresponds to the internal cognitive structure of the individual. In addition to teaching about the functions of intelligence, piaget develops the doctrine of stages of intellectual development: In the development of operational intelligence in children piaget distinguishes between the different stages:
1) article of sensorimotor intelligence. (0 to 2 years) har-Xia developing the ability REB. to perceive and to know the subjects are quite stable in their properties and attributes.
2) senior operational thinking Continue reading
In psychology found a wonderful way of assisting the other party in cases where it is difficult to cope with the situation, to experience failure, to Express not quite clear feelings or thoughts. He called the technique of active listening.
Ears on top
With the active hearing your task – to understand the speaker and let him know about it. When we say “understand”, we mean not only the content words, but also his emotional experience.
To solve both of these tasks helps the next appointment – to repeat what is said by the interlocutor, and thus to call it a feeling or a state.
Reproducing the contact said, you can repeat a single word, an entire phrase or use a “paraphrase”, that is, to convey the meaning in other words.
For example, your daughter-the schoolgirl said: “I wouldn’t wear these shoes because they are stupid carrot color and me are all in the class to laugh”. Your answer might be: “You don’t like these shoes because you’re afraid that because of their bright colors in school you’ll be laughed at”.
Why is it necessary?
If your answer is accurate, the person will feel that you have joined his experiences. Continue reading
Preschool childhood is a period of intellectual development of all mental processes, which provide the child the opportunity to become familiar with the surrounding reality. One of the most important challenges facing the system of preschool education is the full development of the personality of the preschool child: the development of cognitive, mental, physical, moral and aesthetic abilities, the formation of physical and intellectual maturity.
For the successful completion of the curriculum the child should not only know, but also consistent and evidence-based thinking. It follows that to teach a child to think logically possible only in a situation requiring interpretation. The inability to resolve the difficulties the usual way and we should encourage the child to actively search for means and ways of solving problems.
Logical thinking is based on the imagery and is the highest stage in the development of thinking. Reaching this stage is a long and complex process, as the development of logical thinking requires Continue reading