Scarlet fever is called acute infection, peculiar only to human disease. Typical manifestations of scarlet fever are intoxication, inflammation of the oropharyngeal area and punctate skin rash (exanthema).
The causes of scarlet fever in adults and children
As the infectious agent, acts streptococcal bacterium belonging to the group A (S. Pyogenes). This Streptococcus is the cause of other serious infections: sore throats and tonsillitis chronic type. rheumatic phenomena, erysipelas, skin diseases (streptococcal), renal disease (glomerular nephritis), etc. there is scarlet fever in children and adults – despite the common misconception that it is a disease “children”.
Carrier and distributor of infection is a man: suffering from any clinical form of streptococcal infections that affect the respiratory tract (respiratory), or latent carrier of the bacteria S. Pyogenes.
Scarlet fever is transmitted by airborne droplets (aerosol mechanism); as a rule, necessary for infection prolonged and close contact with a carrier of infection. Continue reading