The problem of educating the independence of preschool children has become a subject of research of many scientific disciplines, primarily, pedagogy and psychology. Currently teachers and psychologists revealed various possibilities of the family and the kindergarten in the education of the independence of children. It is therefore very important influence in the field of education, to increase knowledge and skills of parents in the education of independence. To this end it is necessary to systematically acquaint parents with the content and methods of education of independence in children of this age, with the requirements of the kindergarten to develop skills of independence. In addition, they need to meet with different levels of manifestation of autonomy in children, psychological-pedagogical and organizational conditions and methods of work with them.
Thus, the necessary conditions that ensure the efficiency of formation autonomy in the application in children data from differentiated groups according to the level of its manifestation, are:
1. the use of special theoretical approaches to the development Continue reading
In the minds of most of us, the word manipulation often causes negative emotions.
Many might say: manipulation in communication is deception, lies, submission of knowingly false information.
But this concept is much broader. Let’s try to understand: is it good or bad?
That there is manipulation in communication?
This is the impact of technology on the unconscious part of the human psyche for the purpose of obtaining the benefits of achieving the goal. We can say that it is the desire of the manipulator to control another person (thoughts, actions), without his knowledge.
Manipulation techniques used in communication
Here is a rough classification:
manipulation in business (interaction partners for the purpose of entering into the contract)
manipulation in the team
manipulation in the family (whether spouses or relatives),
manipulation in education («parent-child»),
manipulation in the media (imposing opinions through Newspapers, television),
manipulation in public life (politics).
Every once in his life manipulated in dealing with people, with the aim of obtaining some benefit, whether it be parents, lover, colleagues or friends. People in communicating with people sticking to its specific purpose (not always selfish).
The formation of elementary culture of thinking must begin with the first months of a child’s life. A grown man has known speech, conceptual thinking. The concept of — this is a compilation of experiences of human activity in the word. The richer the experience, the more meaningful concepts, the deeper the thought. We sometimes think that we think regardless of any activity, from practice, but this is false. The most abstract thought is always associated with the human-1 cal practice through the concept, the word, generalizing a certain experience. First concepts begin to emerge in the preschool childhood. This process is being prepared in early childhood. Summarizing the experience in the word occurs not immediately, but gradually. The word constantly as more and more saturated with content.
Modern psychologists have identified three main stages in the development of the thinking child: clearly-effective, visual-figurative and conceptual thinking. Visual-active thinking is inherent mainly to the children of 1st, 2nd, 3rd year of life. However, already in the third year begins to form visual-figurative thinking, and then in older preschoolers, there are the first Continue reading