The Problem of aggression in adolescents from dysfunctional families

Introduction

Chapter 1. Theoretical approaches to the problem of aggression in adolescents from disadvantaged families

1.1 the Psychological characteristics of adolescence

1.2 the Problem of aggressiveness of personality in modern psychology. Adolescent aggressiveness

1.3 Psychological problems of adolescents from families with alcohol dependence

2.1 Description of research methodology

2.2 the results of the study

Conclusion

The list of references

The app

Introduction

The problem of aggression is one of the most significant problems of modern psychology.

Alarming is the growing number of children with deviant behavior, manifested in antisocial behavior (alcoholism, drug abuse, violation of public order, hooliganism, vandalism, etc.). Increased demonstrative and defiant in relation to adult behavior. In extreme forms began to show violence and aggression. Dramatically increased crime among young people. Compared with the recent past, an increasing number of serious crimes, the mind fixes an increase of conflicts and cases of aggressive behavior. On the basis of social contradictions arise intergroup and interpersonal conflicts.

The problem of the study of aggression has a long history. Many researchers in our country (U. ravens, E. Marinin, Y. B. Mozhginskoye, A. A. Rean, A. A. Savin, L. M. Semeniuk, I. A. Furmanov) and abroad (A. bandura. R. Walters) studied the problem of aggression, but to one denominator is not reached, because the problem is complex and multifaceted. In the spotlight researchers were such aspects as biological and social determinants of aggression, the mechanisms of assimilation and consolidation, the conditions that determine the existence of aggression, individual and sex-age characteristics of aggressive behavior, prevention of aggression.

Issues related to human aggression, affected in many psychological studies. The presence of extremely high levels of aggression in society and the lack of clear and adequate scientific definition of this complex phenomenon makes the problem of the study of aggression one of the most urgent problems of the modern world, an important theoretical and practical task.

Aggressiveness is formed mainly in the process of early socialization in childhood and adolescence, and it is the age most favorable for the prevention and correction of aggressive behavior. This explains the relevance of the topic of aggression in adolescents.

In our country and in the world in recent times is becoming increasingly important to combat alcoholism. This is because the disease causes damage not only to the health of the drinker, but also is a complex issue involving a number of aspects: social, economic, educational, legal, psychological. Of particular concern is the issue of family alcoholism. Parents suffering from alcoholism, aggressive behavior toward their children, being in an alcohol intoxication. In turn, the children inherit the mechanisms of aggressive behavior, creating it in relationships with adults and peers or to themselves. This explains the relevance of the topic of aggression in adolescents from families with alcohol dependence.

Purpose – to study the characteristics of the manifestation of aggressive behavior of adolescent children who are brought up in a dysfunctional family where the parents (one of parents) suffer from alcohol dependence.

Subject of research – psychological characteristics of the aggressive behavior of adolescents living in families with alcohol dependence.

The study included children and adolescents from disadvantaged families (families with alcohol dependence).

To address this goal in the work assigned with the following tasks .

1.To examine theoretical approaches to the problem of teenage aggression from alcohol dependent families.

2. To conduct a study aimed at determining the level of aggressiveness in children living in alcohol dependent family.

Hypothesis: the level of aggression would be higher in children who are brought up in alcohol dependent family than children brought up by parents that don’t abuse alcohol.

Characteristics of the sample: the study involved 5 adolescents 14 to 15 years of alcohol dependent families and 5 adolescents 14 to 15 years of age who do not abuse alcohol.

Research methods:

– supervision;

– conversation;

– method “Aggressiveness” bass – evil Durka.

Chapter 1. Theoretical approaches to the problem of aggression in adolescents from disadvantaged families

1.1 the Psychological characteristics of adolescence

According to many periodization of mental development of the individual, adolescence is defined by the period of human life from 11-12 to 14-15 years — the period between childhood and adolescence. This is one of the most difficult age periods associated with rapid development of all major components of personality and physiological alterations due to puberty.

On the external features of the social situation of development in adolescence is no different from that in childhood. The social status of the teenager remains the same. All teenagers continue to learn in school and are dependent on parents or the state. The differences are reflected rather in the inner content. Otherwise, the key points are highlighted: family, school and peers acquire new values and meanings.

Comparing themselves with adults, a teenager finds that between him and adults there is no difference. He claims to equality in relationships with older and goes to the conflict, defending his “adult” position.

Of course, the teenager is far from true adulthood — both physically and psychologically, and socially. Objectively, it may not be included in adult life, but is committed to her and claims to be equal with adult rights. The new position is manifested in different fields, mostly in appearance, in manners.

Simultaneously with the external, objective manifestations of adulthood, and there is a sense of maturity — the attitude of a teenager as an adult, the view, the feeling of being in some way a grown man. This subjective aspect of adulthood is considered a Central neoplasm of adolescence.

Along with the sense of maturity D. B. Elkonin examines adolescent tendency to adulthood: the desire to be, to seem and to be considered an adult. The desire to look strangers in the eyes of adults increases, when not reciprocated by others[1] the Quest for adulthood and independence Teens are often faced with the unwillingness, reluctance, or even inability of adults (primarily parents) to understand and accept it.

A high level of criticism towards adults, acute reaction to the attempts of others to diminish their dignity, to belittle their adulthood, underestimate their legal options, are frequent causes of conflict in adolescence.

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