In the cultural environment is the formation of the personality that develops, and then, transmits its culture to succeeding generations. So, by their own laws and according to their cultural values live all ethnic groups on the planet, creating States Constitution and many other documents. Other cultures need to know and consider. Then there will be fewer misunderstandings, wars and conflicts between ethnic groups.
In this paper, we have focused on the influence of cultural environment on the formation and development of personality of a child up to 9 years. In childhood is the development of language, norms and values of culture. At this stage, the child absorbs the culture, watching her. Adults, using a system of punishments and rewards, limit its right of selection and assessment.
Culture has a profound influence on behavior, determining the socialization of children; how to dress and teach children what behavior is considered reasonable. Opportunities and the formation of the child’s behavior is determined by culture, even if this behavior is seen as determined by biological factors.
On the physical, intellectual, emotional and social growth of the individual culture in which it develops and lives, are affected to a different degree. There is a lot of evidence that the reflexes of the newborn Continue reading
The formation of elementary culture of thinking must begin with the first months of a child’s life. A grown man has known speech, conceptual thinking. The concept of — this is a compilation of experiences of human activity in the word. The richer the experience, the more meaningful concepts, the deeper the thought. We sometimes think that we think regardless of any activity, from practice, but this is false. The most abstract thought is always associated with the human-1 cal practice through the concept, the word, generalizing a certain experience. First concepts begin to emerge in the preschool childhood. This process is being prepared in early childhood. Summarizing the experience in the word occurs not immediately, but gradually. The word constantly as more and more saturated with content.
Modern psychologists have identified three main stages in the development of the thinking child: clearly-effective, visual-figurative and conceptual thinking. Visual-active thinking is inherent mainly to the children of 1st, 2nd, 3rd year of life. However, already in the third year begins to form visual-figurative thinking, and then in older preschoolers, there are the first Continue reading
According to piaget, development is carried out from the individual. to socialized, and the child is impervious to experience. Thinking is seen as a biological process, intelligence – as a further development of some fundamental biologist. har-K. as such characteristics and sod. functions of intelligence are highlighted organization and adaptation. Piaget describes adaptation as something that provides a balance between the influence of the organism on the environment (assimilation) and reverse the influence of environment (accommodation). One of the peculiarities of functioning of the person of intellect is that not all of the content received from the external world, can be digested (assimilated), and only that which at least approximately corresponds to the internal cognitive structure of the individual. In addition to teaching about the functions of intelligence, piaget develops the doctrine of stages of intellectual development: In the development of operational intelligence in children piaget distinguishes between the different stages:
1) article of sensorimotor intelligence. (0 to 2 years) har-Xia developing the ability REB. to perceive and to know the subjects are quite stable in their properties and attributes.
2) senior operational thinking Continue reading