According to piaget, development is carried out from the individual. to socialized, and the child is impervious to experience. Thinking is seen as a biological process, intelligence – as a further development of some fundamental biologist. har-K. as such characteristics and sod. functions of intelligence are highlighted organization and adaptation. Piaget describes adaptation as something that provides a balance between the influence of the organism on the environment (assimilation) and reverse the influence of environment (accommodation). One of the peculiarities of functioning of the person of intellect is that not all of the content received from the external world, can be digested (assimilated), and only that which at least approximately corresponds to the internal cognitive structure of the individual. In addition to teaching about the functions of intelligence, piaget develops the doctrine of stages of intellectual development: In the development of operational intelligence in children piaget distinguishes between the different stages:
1) article of sensorimotor intelligence. (0 to 2 years) har-Xia developing the ability REB. to perceive and to know the subjects are quite stable in their properties and attributes.
2) senior operational thinking Continue reading
” Mom, I’m scared! — with a shout and cry ran into the parent’s bedroom a little Pasha. Clinging to his mother’s breast, he babbled:
— There… dark… under the bed… terrible…
Mom put her son beside him, patted on the head, and he immediately fell asleep.
— Lisa, so not, — said in a whisper dad, Anatoly Vasiliev. — so You will want to grow up the son of a weakling and a rag. Nothing to appease his fears. Or do you want him to 18 years old slept with us in the same bed?
— what do you suggest? — offended Lisa. — to Lock him in the room — and let him cry into hysterics? You know, better to let the wuss and wuss than neurotic or schizophrenic.
— I Agree, this is also not an option. But then what to do?
— Go to sleep… Tomorrow go ask your mom. It is after all a teacher has worked all her life, have an understanding of child psychology.
The next day on a visit to Vasiliev came grandmother, Elena. After playing with his grandson and putting him for a NAP, she listened to the arguments of both parents, smiled and began her story. — Ah, youth, how I understand you. Because the problem of children’s fears faced by all parents, and my grandfather is no exception. Here you are, shreds, very afraid of strangers. Cost Continue reading
In psychology found a wonderful way of assisting the other party in cases where it is difficult to cope with the situation, to experience failure, to Express not quite clear feelings or thoughts. He called the technique of active listening.
Ears on top
With the active hearing your task – to understand the speaker and let him know about it. When we say “understand”, we mean not only the content words, but also his emotional experience.
To solve both of these tasks helps the next appointment – to repeat what is said by the interlocutor, and thus to call it a feeling or a state.
Reproducing the contact said, you can repeat a single word, an entire phrase or use a “paraphrase”, that is, to convey the meaning in other words.
For example, your daughter-the schoolgirl said: “I wouldn’t wear these shoes because they are stupid carrot color and me are all in the class to laugh”. Your answer might be: “You don’t like these shoes because you’re afraid that because of their bright colors in school you’ll be laughed at”.
Why is it necessary?
If your answer is accurate, the person will feel that you have joined his experiences. Continue reading